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Water level measuring

Measuring of distance can be useful if one want to have a survey of water level in reservoir. It can be easily done with aruino because there is a lot of moduls for measuring distance.

Ultrasound distance sensor

Ultrasound distance sensors works on basic princip. It sends utrasound singnal and count the time before the reflected sound return. That time is proportional to the distance.

HC-SR 04

HC-SR 04 is modul for ultrasound distance measuring. It can be found in datasheet that it can measure in range from 2cm to 4m. Powering voltage is 5V and current 15mA. It is 4-pin connected. Two for powering. One for recieving pulses from microcontroler (Trig) and the second one for sending the pulses back to microcontroler (Echo). The measuring sequence is: Arduino sends short triggering impuls to sensor → Sensor measure the distance and send impuls to arduino. Length of the impulse is convert to distance e.g. in cm. All this routine is include in NewPing library.

Code example from NewPing library examples- Print the distance in cm on screen

// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Example NewPing library sketch that does a ping about 20 times per second.
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
#include <NewPing.h>
#define TRIGGER_PIN  12  // Arduino pin tied to trigger pin on the ultrasonic sensor.
#define ECHO_PIN     11  // Arduino pin tied to echo pin on the ultrasonic sensor.
#define MAX_DISTANCE 200 // Maximum distance we want to ping for (in centimeters). Maximum sensor distance is rated at 400-500cm.
NewPing sonar(TRIGGER_PIN, ECHO_PIN, MAX_DISTANCE); // NewPing setup of pins and maximum distance.
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600); // Open serial monitor at 115200 baud to see ping results.
void loop() {
  delay(50);                      // Wait 50ms between pings (about 20 pings/sec). 29ms should be the shortest delay between pings.
  unsigned int uS =; // Send ping, get ping time in microseconds (uS).
  Serial.print("Ping: ");
  Serial.print(uS / US_ROUNDTRIP_CM); // Convert ping time to distance in cm and print result (0 = outside set distance range)

en/distance.txt · Last modified: 2018/01/29 10:12 (external edit)